NIKE, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, designs, develops, markets, and sells athletic footwear, apparel, equipment, and accessories worldwide. It offers NIKE brand products in nine categories: running, NIKE basketball, the Jordan brand, football, men's training, women's training, action sports, sportswear, and golf. The company also markets products designed for kids, as well as for other athletic and recreational uses, such as cricket, lacrosse, tennis, volleyball, wrestling, walking, and outdoor activities. In addition, it sells sports apparel; and markets apparel with licensed college and professional team and league logos. Further, the company sells a line of performance equipment, including bags, socks, sport balls, eyewear, timepieces, digital devices, bats, gloves, protective equipment, and other equipment under the NIKE brand for sports activities; various plastic products to other manufacturers; athletic and casual footwear, apparel, and accessories under the Jumpman trademark; action sports and youth lifestyle apparel and accessories under the Hurley trademark; and casual sneakers, apparel, and accessories under the Converse, Chuck Taylor, All Star, One Star, Star Chevron, and Jack Purcell trademarks. Additionally, it licenses agreements that permit unaffiliated parties to manufacture and sell apparel, digital devices, and applications and other equipment for sports activities under NIKE-owned trademarks. The company sells its products to footwear stores, sporting goods stores, athletic specialty stores, department stores, skate, tennis and golf shops, and other retail accounts through NIKE-owned retail stores and Internet Websites, mobile applications, independent distributors, and licensees. The company was formerly known as Blue Ribbon Sports, Inc. and changed its name to NIKE, Inc. in 1971. NIKE, Inc. was founded in 1964 and is headquartered in Beaverton, Oregon.
Business Analysis of Nike
The Consumer Goods Sector is witnessing a major shakeup, new age business models in the industry are transforming both customers and businesses. Faced with this uncertainity, companies are investing resources to transform their business. An in-depth business analysis is a valuable resource to identify and articulate the need for a business model change. At R&P Research we believe, the starting point for a business analysis is Benchmarking. Business benchmarking can be done at various levels: 1) Industry Benchmarking 2) Peer Benchmarking 3) Disruptors Benchmarking. In this report, we share the snapshot of how Nike compares against the industry on the major performance indicators. This analysis, along with peer group/disruptors benchmarking and revenue model understanding can help identify growth and cost optimization opportunities to maximize the value delivered by Nike to its stakeholders. R&P Research Industry Intelligence Platform provides historical data for last 15 years with an easy to use benchmarking interface for an in-depth comparative business analysis.
Here is the performance snapshot of Nike with an interactive chart.
- Revenue Growth: Nike reported a revenue growth of 5.8% year-on-year during 2016. Personal Goods Industry grew at -0.4% in the same period
- COGS share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike spent 53.8% of its total revenues on COGS. Personal Goods industry average (COGS share of revenue) in the same period was 50.6%
- R&D share of Revenues: Nike R&D share of Revenues details are not available because either company does not share the data or we do not have it
- SG&A share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike spent 32.3% of its total revenues on Sales, Marketing, and General Administration (SG&A). Personal Goods industry average SG&A spending in the same period was 33.7%
- Inventory share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike spent 14.9% of its total revenues on Inventories. Personal Goods industry average Inventory spending in the same period was 12.9%
- Accounts Payable share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike invested 6.8% of its total revenues on Accounts Payable (A/P) Personal Goods industry average Accounts Payable investment in the same period was 10.2%
- Accounts Receivable share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike invested 10.0% of its total revenues on Accounts Receivable (A/R). Personal Goods industry average Accounts Receivable investment in the same period was 9.5%
- PP&E share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike invested 10.9% of its total revenues on Property, Plants, and Equipments (PP&E). Personal Goods industry average PPE investment in the same period was 19.5%
- Intangibles share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nike invested 1.3% of its total revenues on Intangibles. Personal Goods industry average Intangibles investment in the same period was 45.5%
- Net Margins: Nike Net Margins in the year 2016 were 11.6%. Personal Goods industry average Net Margins in the same period were 10.5%
Sector and Industry Association of Nike
For the purpose of performance benchmarking of a company with a sector or industry average, R&P Research associates every company with one sector and one industry. An industry consists of companies with related/similar business models. A sector comprises of a group of related/similar industries.
Nike is associated with Consumer Goods Sector and Personal Goods Industry.
Consumer Goods sector is comprised of the following industries: Beverages; Personal Goods; Food Products; Diversified Food; Household Goods & Home Construction; Food Distribution; Tobacco; Toys and Games. The definitions for each of the industries is as follows:
- Beverages industry consists of: Brewing Companies - manufacturers of cider or malt products such as beer, ale and stout; Distillers and Vintners Companies - blenders and shippers of wine and spirits such as whisky, brandy, rum, gin or liqueurs; and Soft Drinks Companies - manufacturers, bottlers and distributors of nonalcoholic beverages, such as soda, fruit juices, tea, coffee and bottled water.
- Personal Goods industry includes: Clothing & Accessories Companies - manufacturers and distributors of all types of clothing, jewellery, watches or textiles, sportswear, sunglasses, eyeglass frames, leather clothing and goods, and processors of hides and skins; Footwear Companies - manufacturers and distributors of shoes, boots, sandals, sneakers and other types of footwear; and Consumer Packaged Goods Companies - makers and distributors of cosmetics, toiletries and personal-care and hygiene products, including deodorants, soaps, toothpaste, perfumes, diapers, shampoos, razors and feminine hygiene products.
- Food Products industry includes: Farming & Fishing companies - companies that grow crops or raise livestock, operate sherries or own non-tobacco plantation; Food Products Companies - food producers, including meatpacking, snacks, fruits, vegetables, dairy products and frozen seafood. It also includes producers of pet food and manufacturers of dietary supplements, vitamins and related items.
- Diversified Food industry includes companies that offer a diverse portfolio of food products across agricultural, animal and dairy product categories.
- Household Goods & Home Construction industry includes companies that offer: Durable Household Products - Manufacturers and distributors of domestic appliances, lighting, hand tools and power tools, hardware, cutlery, tableware, garden equipment, luggage, towels and linens; Nondurable Household Products - Producers and distributors of pens, paper goods, batteries, light bulbs, tissues, toilet paper and cleaning products such as soaps and polishes; Furnishings - Manufacturers and distributors of furniture, including chairs, tables, desks, carpeting, wallpaper and office furniture; Home Construction - constructors of residential homes, including manufacturers of mobile and prefabricated homes intended for use in one place.
- Food Distribution industry includes companies that distribute food, beverage and consumer goods to restaurants, healthcare, educational facilities, lodging establishments; equipment and supplies for the foodservice and hospitality industries.
- Tobacco industry includes Manufacturers and distributors of cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products. It also includes tobacco plantations.
- Toys and Games industry consists of manufacturers and distributors of toys and video/computer games, including such toys and games as playing cards, board games, stuffed animals and dolls.
Industry Ranking of Nike
With $32.4 billion revenues, Nike ranked number 2 of all the companies in the US Personal Goods industry. There were a total of 52 public companies in the US Personal Goods industry that had revenues greater than $50 million during 2016.
The top-10 companies in the US Personal Goods industry by revenues during 2016 were:
Business Model Analysis (BMA) Framework
We use the following framework to assess the business model of a company. Business Model Analysis framework can be used by organizations to articulate growth strategies and identify cost optimization opportunities. Technology and consulting companies can use this framework to identify the value drivers and pain points of their targeted customers. Entrepreneurs can use this framework to understand the language of business and identify promising business opportunities. This framework can be used by any professional aspiring to take up a leadership role to better understand the businesses challenges, articulate growth strategy, and monitor the business improvement requirements for the organization.