Nucor Corporation manufactures and sells steel and steel products in the United States and internationally. It operates in three segments: Steel Mills, Steel Products, and Raw Materials. The Steel Mills segment produces hot-rolled, cold-rolled, and galvanized sheet steel products; structural steel products, including wide-flange beams, beam blanks, H-piling, and sheet pilings; bar steel products, such as blooms, billets, concrete reinforcing and merchant bars, wire rods, and special bar quality; and tubular and plate steel products. This segment sells its products to steel service centers, fabricators, and manufacturers in automotive, energy, agricultural, heavy equipment, and transportation sectors. The Steel Products segment produces steel joists and joist girders, steel decks, fabricated concrete reinforcing and cold finished steel products, steel fasteners, metal building systems, steel gratings, and wire and wire mesh products to general contractors, fabricators, distributors, and manufacturers. Its products are used by contractors in constructing highways, bridges, reservoirs, utilities, hospitals, schools, airports, stadiums, and high-rise buildings. The Raw Materials segment produces direct reduced iron; processes ferrous and nonferrous metals; brokers ferrous and nonferrous metals, pig iron, hot briquetted iron, and DRI; applies ferro-alloys; and processes ferrous and nonferrous scrap metal, as well as engages in the natural gas drilling operations. This segment sells its ferrous scrap to electric arc furnace steel mills and foundries for use in manufacturing process; and nonferrous scrap metal to aluminum can producers, secondary aluminum smelters, steel mills and other processors, and consumers of various nonferrous metals. It also offers steel electrical conduits. The company offers its products through its in-house sales forces; and internal distribution and trading companies. The company was founded in 1940 and is based in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Business Analysis of Nucor
The Basic Materials Sector is witnessing a major shakeup, new age business models in the industry are transforming both customers and businesses. Faced with this uncertainity, companies are investing resources to transform their business. An in-depth business analysis is a valuable resource to identify and articulate the need for a business model change. At R&P Research we believe, the starting point for a business analysis is Benchmarking. Business benchmarking can be done at various levels: 1) Industry Benchmarking 2) Peer Benchmarking 3) Disruptors Benchmarking. In this report, we share the snapshot of how Nucor compares against the industry on the major performance indicators. This analysis, along with peer group/disruptors benchmarking and revenue model understanding can help identify growth and cost optimization opportunities to maximize the value delivered by Nucor to its stakeholders. R&P Research Industry Intelligence Platform provides historical data for last 15 years with an easy to use benchmarking interface for an in-depth comparative business analysis.
Here is the performance snapshot of Nucor with an interactive chart.
- Revenue Growth: Nucor reported a revenue growth of -1.4% year-on-year during 2016. Metal Mining Industry grew at -5.5% in the same period
- COGS share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor spent 87.5% of its total revenues on COGS. Metal Mining industry average (COGS share of revenue) in the same period was 86.3%
- R&D share of Revenues: Nucor R&D share of Revenues details are not available because either company does not share the data or we do not have it
- SG&A share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor spent 3.7% of its total revenues on Sales, Marketing, and General Administration (SG&A). Metal Mining industry average SG&A spending in the same period was 6.3%
- Inventory share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor spent 15.3% of its total revenues on Inventories. Metal Mining industry average Inventory spending in the same period was 20.9%
- Accounts Payable share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor invested 5.2% of its total revenues on Accounts Payable (A/P) Metal Mining industry average Accounts Payable investment in the same period was 9.8%
- Accounts Receivable share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor invested 10.1% of its total revenues on Accounts Receivable (A/R). Metal Mining industry average Accounts Receivable investment in the same period was 10.1%
- PP&E share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor invested 31.3% of its total revenues on Property, Plants, and Equipments (PP&E). Metal Mining industry average PPE investment in the same period was 67.7%
- Intangibles share of Revenues: As a percentage of revenue, Nucor invested 18.0% of its total revenues on Intangibles. Metal Mining industry average Intangibles investment in the same period was 10.6%
- Net Margins: Nucor Net Margins in the year 2016 were 4.9%. Metal Mining industry average Net Margins in the same period were -3.7%
Sector and Industry Association of Nucor
For the purpose of performance benchmarking of a company with a sector or industry average, R&P Research associates every company with one sector and one industry. An industry consists of companies with related/similar business models. A sector comprises of a group of related/similar industries.
Nucor is associated with Basic Materials Sector and Metal Mining Industry.
Basic Materials sector is comprised of the following industries: Metal Mining; Coal Mining; Chemicals. The definitions for each of the industries is as follows:
- Metal Mining industry includes companies primarily engaged in mining, developing mines, or exploring for precious metals such as Gold, Silver, Platinum and base metals such as Iron, Copper, Aluminum, Lead, and Zinc. It also includes companies that manufacture alloys such as steel.
- Coal Mining industry includes companies engaged in the exploration for and/or mining of coal.
- Chemicals industry includes companies that produce and/or distribute commodity and specialty chemicals. The companies manufacture three general classes of products: (1) basic chemicals, such as acids, alkalies, salts, and organic chemicals; (2) chemical products to be used in further manufacture, such as synthetic fibers, plastics materials, dry colors, and pigments; and (3) finished chemical products to be used as materials or supplies in other industries, such as paints, fertilizers, and explosives.
Industry Ranking of Nucor
With $16.2 billion revenues, Nucor ranked number 1 of all the companies in the US Metal Mining industry. There were a total of 34 public companies in the US Metal Mining industry that had revenues greater than $50 million during 2016.
The top-10 companies in the US Metal Mining industry by revenues during 2016 were:
- Nucor ($16.2 billion)
- Freeport-McMoRan ($14.8 billion)
- Arconic ($12.4 billion)
- United States Steel ($10.3 billion)
- Alcoa ($9.3 billion)
- Reliance Steel & Aluminum ($8.6 billion)
- Steel Dynamics ($7.8 billion)
- A-Mark Precious Metals ($6.8 billion)
- Newmont Mining ($6.7 billion)
- AK Steel Holding ($5.9 billion)
Business Model Analysis (BMA) Framework
We use the following framework to assess the business model of a company. Business Model Analysis framework can be used by organizations to articulate growth strategies and identify cost optimization opportunities. Technology and consulting companies can use this framework to identify the value drivers and pain points of their targeted customers. Entrepreneurs can use this framework to understand the language of business and identify promising business opportunities. This framework can be used by any professional aspiring to take up a leadership role to better understand the businesses challenges, articulate growth strategy, and monitor the business improvement requirements for the organization.